Five types of manufacturing processes
- Repetitive manufacturing
- Discrete manufacturing
- Job shop manufacturing
- Process manufacturing (continuous)
- Process manufacturing (batch)
1. Repetitive manufacturing
A manufacturer uses process types like repetitive manufacturing for repeating production to commit to a production rate.
Repetitive processing comprises dedicated production lines that produce the same or similar items, 24/7, all year round. With its requirements for setup being minimal or having little changeover, the operation speeds can be increased or decreased to meet customer demands or requirements.
Types of manufacturing like repetitive manufacturing distinguishing characteristic is its use of assembly/production lines.
2. Discrete manufacturing
Like repetitive manufacturing, discrete manufacturing also utilizes an assembly or production line.
However, this process type is highly diverse, with a variety of setups and frequent changeovers. This is due to factors based on whether the products in production are similar or different in design. If the items are vastly different, this will require altering the setup and a tear-down, which means production will need more time.
In theory, the types of manufacturing businesses that use discrete manufacturing produce products that can be broken down and recycled — automobiles, furniture, airplanes, toys, smartphones, etc.
3. Job shop manufacturing
Unlike the other process types, job shop manufacturing makes use of production areas rather than assembly lines.
This production process will produce smaller batches of custom products, either made-to-order (MTO) or made-to-stock (MTS). Organizing workstations in a job shop setting allows manufacturers to make one version of a custom product or even a few dozen in batches. If customer demand requires it, the operation can become a discrete manufacturing line with selected labor operations being, potentially, replaced by automated equipment.
It’s good to choose these manufacturing types if you’re a manufacturer handling bespoke products or work on a project-to-project basis.